Pollinosis in the conditions of climate changes



  • Kymbatkul B. Osmonbaeva Issyk-Kul State University K. Tynystanov, department of Tourism and Environmental Protection, Karakol, Kyrgyz Republic; Tien-Shan High Mountain Research Center Institute of water problems and hydropower National Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic, Kyzyl-Suu, Kyrgyz Republic


plant pollen, fungal spores, aeroallergens, climate change, pollinosis, aerobic spectrum, air bio-particle monitoring


The aim of the study was to study the content of plant pollen and fungal spores in the air of Karakol of the Kyrgyz Republic and assessment of their contribution to the development of pollinosis in the conditions of climate changes. The article is devoted to the current problem of the impact of climate change on aerobiological particles – plant pollen and fungal spores. There is a worldwide trend for rising temperatures. The number of people suffering from allergies – pollinosis – is steadily increasing. Concentration of pollen of allergenic species may increase, the timing and duration of the dusting season may change. Moreover, in recent years, there is a sharp increase in pollen allergy morbidity observed in the country. Data from Karakol city for 2015-2017 showed that pollen of 34 plant taxa and 24 taxa of fungal spores were present in the air. The pollen of leading aeroallergens was contained in the air of Karakol in significant amounts and for a significant period. The novelty of the study was that for the first time in Kyrgyzstan, aerobiological studies were carried out with a volumetric method using volumetric certified Lanzoni apparatus. The idea that there is a need for programs, continuous aeropalynological studies that will predict the number, taxonomic composition and behavior of aeroallergens is substantiated. This has important public health implications, as it will allow an assessment of the allergenic environment, allowing people with allergies to avoid or reduce the severity of the course of the disease.